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San Angelo Lung Cancer

Types of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers, with the American Cancer Society estimating over 200,000 new cases of lung cancer being diagnosed in 2022. There are two main types of lung cancer, with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) making up over 80% of cases and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) making up over 10%. Within these two types, cancer cells are further divided based on their form and location.

At Shannon, we provide comprehensive lung cancer diagnosis, treatment, and support for patients throughout San Angelo and the surrounding areas. Our experienced oncology team is made up of specialist physicians, surgeons, technologists, nurses, and support staff to provide a multidisciplinary approach to care.

Types of lung cancer we treat include:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Large cell carcinoma
  • Adenosquamous carcinoma
  • Sarcomatoid carcinoma
  • Small cell carcinoma, also known as oat cell cancer
  • Combined small cell carcinoma

Risk Factors of Lung Cancer

One of the major risk factors in developing either non-small cell or small cell lung cancer is smoking. Whether you currently smoke cigarettes, pipes, or cigars, or you have a history of smoking, you can increase your chance of getting the disease—with the more years a person smokes, the greater the potential risk. Additional risk factors include:

  • Exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Exposure to asbestos, arsenic, and other workplace hazards
  • Exposure to air pollution
  • A family history of lung cancer
  • Radiation exposure
  • Diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Lung Cancer Diagnosis & Treatment

At Shannon, we incorporate an array of tests and equipment to properly diagnose the type and stage of lung cancer. To view changes in lung tissue or spot anomalies, our team might implement chest x-rays, CT scans, or MRIs. Your physician might also recommend laboratory tests, such as blood, urine, or mucus sample testing—where our trained pathologist will analyze the sample under a microscope to look for the presence of cancer cells.

If lung cancer is detected, we perform an additional round of tests to determine the type and stage of the disease—paying particular attention to whether cancerous cells have spread to surrounding tissues and organs. A lung cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming, which is why our team takes the time to walk you through all of your options, answer your questions, and design a custom treatment plan that might incorporate multiple treatment methods.

Early detection of lung cancer, where cancerous cells are only found in one lung and nearby lymph nodes, might allow us to perform surgical intervention such as a wedge resection, lobectomy, or sleeve resection. However, as cancerous cells are often found on both lungs, we typically recommend using a combination of treatments, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy, to stop the growth of unhealthy cells. We also implement image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) and stereotactic radiotherapy to precisely target the tumor in an attempt to save as much healthy tissue as possible. Our world-class facility continues to invest in the latest equipment, treatment methods, and surgical tools to provide trusted lung cancer care to our community.

Our team at Shannon Oncology Center is standing by to provide comprehensive care. Call us at 325.747.2025.

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